Category Archives: Cloud Computing

Blue Apron significantly lowers its valuation with slashed IPO pricing

 Blue Apron — the next big consumer IPO for 2017 — isn’t looking as good as it was just a few weeks ago. The company said in an updated filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission that it would cut its IPO price range target. Read More
Microsoft Office 2010
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Snapchat now lets you create custom geofilters right in the app

 Snapchat introduced a way to create custom geofilters back in February of last year, and now it’s making the feature easier to use. U.S. Snapchat users can now create and submit custom filters directly in the app, rather than having to go to the studio website to make their custom filter.

The mobile creative studio is now located in settings, under a menu item called “On-Demand… Read More

Microsoft Office 2010
Polycom Cx5000 Unified Conference Station For Microsoft Lync (Amazon) Amazon Logo

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Facebook's leaked rules on censoring hate speech protect 'white men' but not 'black children' (FB)

Mark Zuckerberg

A bombshell investigation by ProPublica sheds new light on how Facebook trains its thousands of content moderators to police hate speech, including a rule that calls for the blocking of attacks on “white men” but not “black children.”

The report, which includes internal training documents used by Facebook moderators, details how the social network’s policies on hate speech “tend to favor elites and governments over grassroots activists and racial minorities.”

Here are the highlights:

  • Facebook trains its thousands of content moderators to delete hate speech directed at so-called “protected categories” of people such as race, sex, gender, and religious affiliation. Hate speech against “subsets” of protected categories, such as “radicalized Muslims,” is considered less censorable.
  • To illustrate the difference between protected categories and unprotected subsets, a training slide Facebook shows moderators says they should delete hate speech against white men over female drivers and black children.
  • President Donald Trump’s 2016 Facebook posts about banning Muslims from entering the US violated Facebook’s internal rules on hate speech. But CEO Mark Zuckerberg personally intervened to keep the posts from being deleted.
  • Facebook uses the US State Department’s list of designated terrorist groups and other similar databases to help it monitor hate speech. But it also keeps a “secret list” of designated “hate organizations” that it bans.

When asked for comment on ProPublica’s report, a Facebook spokesperson directed Business Insider to a post on Facebook’s company blog about moderating hate speech that was published one day prior. In the post, VP of public policy Richard Allan said Facebook deleted 66,000 hate speech posts per week over the past two months.

“But it’s clear we’re not perfect when it comes to enforcing our policy,” he wrote. “Often there are close calls — and too often we get it wrong.”

You can read ProPublica’s full investigation on its website. The report comes after The Guardian detailed Facebook’s rules on moderating sex and violence last month. 

SEE ALSO: Facebook will hire 3,000 more moderators to keep deaths and crimes from being streamed

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: A judge explains how Facebook can be used against you in court

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Scientists are about to find out how Silicon Valley's LSD habit really affects productivity

lsd

According to Amanda Feilding, the founder and director of the UK-based nonprofit Beckley Foundation, one tenth of a full dose of LSD is enough to make her feel “sparkly.”

Feilding has spent decades collaborating with scientists around the world to better understand how psychedelic drugs like LSD, ayahuasca, and magic mushrooms affect the brain. She told Business Insider that she experimented with microdosing, or taking tiny doses of psychedelics, in the 1960s as an attempt to increase her creativity and productivity — what she refers to as “sparkle.”

Nearly 60 years later, the practice has emerged as Silicon Valley’s favorite illegal drug habit, with engineers, programmers, writers, and artists sharing their stories of microdosing. Many people say the practice improves their concentration or creativity; others, like writer Ayelet Waldman, claim it can treat symptoms of mental illnesses like depression and anxiety.

But no existing study has looked into the science behind microdosing — a gap Feilding and a team of scientists and fundraisers hope to fill with a new study set to start later this year. 

In that upcoming experiment, 20 participants will be studied over the course of four “study days.” Each day, the volunteers will get one of four possible doses of LSD — 0, 10, 20, or 50 micrograms — then do a series of tasks, answer questions, and have their brains scanned. Each test is designed to see how the drugs affect people’s creative and cognitive abilities. The researchers also hope to learn whether microdosing affects communication within and between brain networks the same way a full dose of psychedelics has been found to do.

“We want to look to see if we see those changes in cerebral circulation and connectivity and hopefully things like the ‘aha!’ moment that comes with creativity as well,” Feilding said, adding that they might have initial results as early as the end of the year.

For the study, which will cost £300,000 or roughly $385,000, Feilding will collaborate with London Imperial College psychopharmacologist David Nutt. 

“It’s a study I’ve wanted to do for 30 years,” Feilding said. “I’m very interested in that level of [potential] cognitive enhancement which isn’t a full-blown psychedelic state but is a lift in productivity and cognition and amusement or thinking further than one usually does.”

What to know about microdosing

Existing research on psychedelics has been promising so far, but is still in early stages. Most studies focus on “trip treatment” — essentially giving someone a “full” dose of psychedelics so that they trip or hallucinate. Patients in these studies have said the experience was overwhelmingly positive; many describe the trip as one of the most important experiences of their lives.

night starry sky milky way galaxy illustration shutterstockPsychedelic microdosing differs from a “trip treatment” in that it involves taking tiny amounts of a psychedelic drug several times over a few days, rather than a single, full dose. Whereas participants were injected with 75 micrograms of LSD in one study, for example, microdosers report taking about 10 micrograms (roughly one-fifth to one-tenth of a standard recreational dose) once every four days.

These levels are intended to be “sub-perceptual,” NYU psychiatrist Stephen Ross told Business Insider. In other words , they’re too small to cause a trip, but large enough to potential affect thinking and creativity.

Ross and fellow NYU researcher Michael Bogenshutz are involved in a series of LSD trials that are currently in preliminary phases. He refers to microdosing today as almost a fad.

“People are like, ‘Yeah microdosing!’ But in reality there is not a single controlled trial ever on this yet. So whether it’s helpful or hurtful we don’t know,” he said.

Another issue with the recent rise in microdosing is that it can be difficult to verify whether the LSD is actually causing the effects that people report and, more importantly, whether the drugs are safe. 

“I do think society would be greatly served by us as a group getting to know more about psychedelics and hopefully working out a regulatory system so people can make use of them in the safest possible way,” Fielding said.

The brain during a psychedelic trip

Scientists can’t say for sure what goes on in the brain after a full dose of psychedelics is taken, or precisely why it appears to produce such profound, life-altering experiences.

What they do know, Fielding’s collaborator David Nutt told Business Insider in January, is that in a psychedelic trip, “the normal hubs which control and regulate brain function become disrupted. There’s much greater connectivity — parts of the brain that rarely talk to each other … talk to each other.”

During a psychedelic trip, certain brain circuits are subdued while others get ramped up. The circuit that connects the parahippocampus and the retrosplenial cortex — a network thought to play a role in our sense of self, or ego — appears to be subdued during a trip. And deflating the ego seems to make people feel more connected to the people and environment around them.

“The normal sense of self is broken down and replaced by a sense of reconnection with themselves, others, and the natural world,” Robin Carhart-Harris, who conducted the first study that took images of a brain on an LSD trip, said at a conference in 2013.

woman backpacking travel alone mountains hiking

Nutt said the brain might see increased connectivity with lower doses of LSD too, though “to a lesser extent.” 

But what really happens with a microdose — or several — remains to be seen.

“There’s a lot of hype about a ‘revolution’ in psychiatry, and I actually think it will radically change psychiatry,” Ross said. “But we really have to do a bigger trial and see what the data shows us.”

SEE ALSO: Why psychedelics like magic mushrooms kill the ego and fundamentally transform the brain

DON’T MISS: Images show how LSD changes the way parts of the brain communicate

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: What magic mushrooms do to your brain and state of mind

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Accenture to upgrade over 400,000 employees to Windows 10 by 2018

It’s remarkable how much technology can play a role in digitally transforming a business at a global scale. The way we work and collaborate is shifting, and I experience this firsthand every day at Microsoft. I enjoy working closely with customers across all industries who are so committed to their employees and dedicated to empowering them with the latest Microsoft technologies to do more and achieve more anytime, anywhere, like Accenture.

An Enhanced Way of Working

It’s Accenture’s mission to drive digital transformation for their clients, which also means they have to empower their own workforce of over 400,000 employees and become a prime example of what digital transformation can bring. At Accenture, they walk the walk, and talk the talk.

Accenture is preparing the future workforce and enabling their current workforce, which is now 75 percent millennial with a modern desktop. This offers Accenture employees access to the latest productivity apps while keeping their PC always secure and up to date. The way they work is changing and the kind of services they need are “cloud-first” that allow real-time engagement and collaboration. Windows 10, Office 365 and the Microsoft Enterprise Mobility + Security Suite are at the heart of the digital worker at Accenture and helping to increase productivity for them. OneDrive has transformed the way employees work across the company in different time zones, enabling them to collaborate and communicate in real time in a virtualized project environment. In fact, Accenture has the biggest OneDrive in the world at over 6 Peta-bites! Accenture has also seen maturity in Microsoft’s security value proposition with Windows 10 and EMS, allowing employees to operate in both a mobile and secure way.

“Office 365 and Windows 10 are at the heart of a digital worker proposition which is really speeding up our workforce.” – Andrew Wilson, chief operating officer at Accenture
 

Accenture is displaying the art of what’s possible with Microsoft technologies and the company is the largest deployment of Windows 10 – and I’m pleased to share Accenture will be completing over 400,000 Windows 10 upgrades by 2018. Let me share how Accenture is making this all possible.

Windows 10 Deployment

A global Windows 10 project team began the upgrade project in September 2015, which first tested all business applications and validated compatibility with Windows 10. Then, the team proceeded with Windows 10 deployment to employees. By April 2016, initial deployment began with a “two-lane” deployment approach. First, they upgraded all new PCs with Windows 10 and provided a manual upgrade option for early adopters. The second deployment began in August 2016, which addressed existing PCs running Windows 7 and allowed employees to utilize an In-Place Upgrade tool and process that uses OneDrive for file distribution to perform a Windows 10 upgrade.

The In-Place Upgrade Tool played a key part in supporting deployments at pace and scale. The best part is the tool eliminated the need to come into an Accenture office to have an IT person perform the upgrade. Employees could make the upgrade wherever and whenever.

It’s incredible seeing Accenture accomplish the upgrade to Windows 10 in just a span of two years. Check out their case study to learn more.

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Announcing the Ultimate Game Sale, beginning June 30

Mark your calendars as summer kicks into high gear beginning this Friday with the Ultimate Game Sale, featuring a killer collection of deals on more than 350 games, gaming hardware and accessories. With savings up to 50% across the Microsoft Store, Xbox Store and Windows Store, the Ultimate Game Sale will appeal to PC and Xbox gamers alike.

You could also win one of two Ultimate Prize Packages, worth up to $5,000 each, by participating in the Ultimate Game Face Sweepstakes!

You could also win one of two Ultimate Prize Packages by participating in the Ultimate Game Face Sweepstakes!** Simply share a photo of your Ultimate Game Face on Twitter or Instagram and tag #UltimateGameFace AND #XboxSweepstakes or #PCSweepstakes, now through Monday, July 10, for a chance to win. Visit microsoft.com/ultimategameface for complete details.

We’ll be updating this blog post with specific deals on Friday,, June 30, so bookmark this page and be sure to come back to see all the great Ultimate Game Sale deals.

*All offers shown are available on select items 6/30/2017 to 7/10/2017. Limited quantities available, while supplies last. No rain checks. Availability and pricing varies by location. May not be combinable with other offers. Certain other exclusions and limitations may apply. Not valid on prior orders or purchases; cannot be transferred or otherwise redeemed. Microsoft reserves the right to modify or discontinue any offer at any time. See webpage for each offer’s specific details.

**No Purchase Necessary. Open only to legal residents of the 50 U.S. + DC 14+. Game ends 7/10/17. For details, visit: microsoft.com/ultimategameface/terms.

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Windows 10 SDK Preview Build 16225 Released

Today, we released a new Windows 10 Preview Build of the SDK to be used in conjunction with Windows 10 Insider Preview (Build 16225 or greater). The Preview SDK Build 16225 contains bug fixes and under development changes to the API surface area.

The Preview SDK can be downloaded from developer section on Windows Insider.

For feedback and updates to the known issues, please see the developer forum. For new feature requests, head over to our Windows Platform UserVoice.

Things to note:

  • This build works in conjunction with previously released SDKs and Visual Studio 2017. You can install this SDK and still also continue to submit your apps that target Windows 10 Creators build or earlier to the store.
  • The Windows SDK will now formally only be supported by Visual Studio 2017 and greater. You can download the Visual Studio 2017 here.

Known Issues

  • Designer fails to render: When viewing the XAML in the Designer Window in Visual Studio, the controls fail to render. This can be resolved by using Visual Studio 2017.3 Preview.
  • Compilation fails on non-Windows 10 platforms: When building apps on previous platforms, you may get a build error:

C:program files (x860Windows Kits10bin10.0.16225.0x86genxbf.dll:C:program files (x860Windows Kits10bin10.0.16225.0x86genxbf.dll(0,0): Error WMC0621: Cannot resolve ‘GenXbf.dll’ under path ‘C:program files (x860Windows Kits10bin10.0.16225.0x86genxbf.dll’. Please install the latest version of the Windows 10 Software Development Kit.
Process ‘msbuild.exe’ exited with code ‘1’.

This will occur if the minimum target platform version is set to 10.0.16225.0. To work around this, right click on your project file and choose properties or open your project file in your favorite editor, and change the version to a previous released SDK. For example:


<WindowsTargetPlatformMinVersion>10.0.10586.0</WindowsTargetPlatformMinVersion>

Breaking Changes

API Updates and Additions

When targeting new APIs, consider writing your app to be adaptive in order to run correctly on the widest number of Windows 10 devices. Please see Dynamically detecting features with API contracts (10 by 10) for more information.

 
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Calls {
  public sealed class VoipCallCoordinator {
    VoipPhoneCall SetupNewAcceptedCall(string context, string contactName, string contactNumber, string serviceName, VoipPhoneCallMedia media);
  }
  public sealed class VoipPhoneCall {
    void TryShowAppUI();
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel {
  public enum StartupTaskState {
    DisabledByPolicy = 3,
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.SmartCards {
  public sealed class SmartCardCryptogramGenerator {
    public static bool IsSupported();
  }
  public enum SmartCardCryptogramGeneratorOperationStatus {
    NotSupported = 13,
  }
  public sealed class SmartCardEmulator {
    public static bool IsSupported();
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel {
  public static class DesignMode {
    public static bool DesignMode2Enabled { get; }
  }
  public sealed class PackageCatalog {
    IAsyncOperation<PackageCatalogRemoveOptionalPackagesResult> RemoveOptionalPackagesAsync(IIterable<string> optionalPackageFamilyNames);
  }
  public sealed class PackageCatalogRemoveOptionalPackagesResult
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation {
  public enum ActivationKind {
    CommandLineLaunch = 1021,
    GameUIProvider = 1019,
    PrintWorkflowForegroundTask = 1018,
    StartupTask = 1020,
  }
  public sealed class CommandLineActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs, IActivatedEventArgsWithUser, ICommandLineActivatedEventArgs
  public sealed class CommandLineActivationOperation
  public interface ICommandLineActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs
  public interface IStartupTaskActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs
  public sealed class StartupTaskActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs, IActivatedEventArgsWithUser, IStartupTaskActivatedEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Appointments {
  public sealed class AppointmentStore {
    AppointmentStoreChangeTracker GetChangeTracker(string identity);
  }
  public sealed class AppointmentStoreChangeTracker {
    bool IsTracking { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.AppService {
  public sealed class AppServiceTriggerDetails {
    IAsyncOperation<bool> CheckCallerForCapabilityAsync(string capabilityName);
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Background {
  public sealed class GeovisitTrigger : IBackgroundTrigger
  public sealed class PaymentAppCanMakePaymentTrigger : IBackgroundTrigger
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Contacts {
  public sealed class ContactChangeTracker {
    bool IsTracking { get; }
  }
  public sealed class ContactList {
    ContactListLimitedWriteOperations LimitedWriteOperations { get; }
    ContactChangeTracker GetChangeTracker(string identity);
  }
  public sealed class ContactListLimitedWriteOperations
  public enum ContactListOtherAppWriteAccess {
    Limited = 2,
  }
  public sealed class ContactStore {
    ContactChangeTracker GetChangeTracker(string identity);
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Contacts.DataProvider {
  public sealed class ContactDataProviderConnection {
    event TypedEventHandler<ContactDataProviderConnection, ContactListCreateOrUpdateContactRequestEventArgs> CreateOrUpdateContactRequested;
    event TypedEventHandler<ContactDataProviderConnection, ContactListDeleteContactRequestEventArgs> DeleteContactRequested;
  }
  public sealed class ContactListCreateOrUpdateContactRequest
  public sealed class ContactListCreateOrUpdateContactRequestEventArgs
  public sealed class ContactListDeleteContactRequest
  public sealed class ContactListDeleteContactRequestEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Core {
  public sealed class AppListEntry {
    string AppUserModelId { get; }
  }
  public enum AppRestartFailureReason
  public static class CoreApplication {
    public static IAsyncOperation<AppRestartFailureReason> RequestRestartAsync(string launchArguments);
    public static IAsyncOperation<AppRestartFailureReason> RequestRestartForUserAsync(User user, string launchArguments);
  }
  public sealed class CoreApplicationView {
    DispatcherQueue DispatcherQueue { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.DataTransfer {
  public sealed class DataTransferManager {
    public static void ShowShareUI(ShareUIOptions options);
  }
  public sealed class ShareUIOptions
  public enum ShareUITheme
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.DataTransfer.ShareTarget {
  public sealed class ShareOperation {
    IVectorView<Contact> Contacts { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Email {
  public sealed class EmailMailbox {
    EmailMailboxChangeTracker GetChangeTracker(string identity);
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Payments {
  public sealed class PaymentCanMakePaymentResult
  public enum PaymentCanMakePaymentResultStatus
  public sealed class PaymentMediator {
    IAsyncOperation<PaymentCanMakePaymentResult> CanMakePaymentAsync(PaymentRequest paymentRequest);
  }
  public sealed class PaymentRequest {
    public PaymentRequest(PaymentDetails details, IIterable<PaymentMethodData> methodData, PaymentMerchantInfo merchantInfo, PaymentOptions options, string id);
    string Id { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.Payments.Provider {
  public sealed class PaymentAppCanMakePaymentTriggerDetails
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.UserActivities {
  public interface IUserActivityContentInfo
  public sealed class UserActivity
  public sealed class UserActivityAttribution
  public sealed class UserActivityChannel
  public sealed class UserActivityContentInfo : IUserActivityContentInfo
  public sealed class UserActivitySession : IClosable
  public enum UserActivityState
  public sealed class UserActivityVisualElements
}
namespace Windows.ApplicationModel.UserActivities.Core {
  public static class CoreUserActivityManager
}
namespace Windows.Devices.Bluetooth {
  public sealed class BluetoothDevice : IClosable {
    BluetoothDeviceId BluetoothDeviceId { get; }
  }
  public sealed class BluetoothDeviceId {
    public static BluetoothDeviceId FromId(string deviceId);
  }
  public sealed class BluetoothLEDevice : IClosable {
    BluetoothDeviceId BluetoothDeviceId { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.Bluetooth.GenericAttributeProfile {
  public sealed class GattClientNotificationResult {
    ushort BytesSent { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.Geolocation {
  public sealed class Geovisit
  public sealed class GeovisitMonitor
  public sealed class GeovisitStateChangedEventArgs
  public sealed class GeovisitTriggerDetails
  public enum VisitMonitoringScope
  public enum VisitStateChange
}
namespace Windows.Devices.PointOfService {
  public sealed class ClaimedLineDisplay : IClosable {
    LineDisplayCustomGlyphs CustomGlyphs { get; }
    Size MaxBitmapSizeInPixels { get; }
    IVectorView<int> SupportedCharacterSets { get; }
    IVectorView<Size> SupportedScreenSizesInCharacters { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<ClaimedLineDisplay, LineDisplayStatusUpdatedEventArgs> StatusUpdated;
    IAsyncOperation<string> CheckHealthAsync(UnifiedPosHealthCheckLevel level);
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayPowerStatus> CheckPowerStatusAsync();
    LineDisplayAttributes GetAttributes();
    IAsyncOperation<string> GetStatisticsAsync(IIterable<string> statisticsCategories);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryClearDescriptorsAsync();
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayWindow> TryCreateWindowAsync(Rect viewport, Size windowSize);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TrySetDescriptorAsync(uint descriptor, LineDisplayDescriptorState descriptorState);
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayStoredBitmap> TryStoreStorageFileBitmapAsync(StorageFile bitmap);
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayStoredBitmap> TryStoreStorageFileBitmapAsync(StorageFile bitmap, LineDisplayHorizontalAlignment horizontalAlignment, LineDisplayVerticalAlignment verticalAlignment);
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayStoredBitmap> TryStoreStorageFileBitmapAsync(StorageFile bitmap, LineDisplayHorizontalAlignment horizontalAlignment, LineDisplayVerticalAlignment verticalAlignment, int widthInPixels);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryUpdateAttributesAsync(LineDisplayAttributes attributes);
  }
  public sealed class LineDisplay : IClosable {
    public static LineDisplayStatisticsCategorySelector StatisticsCategorySelector { get; }
    IAsyncOperation<LineDisplayPowerStatus> CheckPowerStatusAsync();
  }
  public sealed class LineDisplayAttributes
  public sealed class LineDisplayCursor
  public sealed class LineDisplayCursorAttributes
  public enum LineDisplayCursorType
  public sealed class LineDisplayCustomGlyphs
  public enum LineDisplayDescriptorState
  public enum LineDisplayHorizontalAlignment
  public sealed class LineDisplayMarquee
  public enum LineDisplayMarqueeFormat
  public enum LineDisplayPowerStatus
  public sealed class LineDisplayStatisticsCategorySelector
  public sealed class LineDisplayStatusUpdatedEventArgs
  public sealed class LineDisplayStoredBitmap
  public enum LineDisplayVerticalAlignment
  public sealed class LineDisplayWindow : IClosable {
    LineDisplayCursor Cursor { get; }
    LineDisplayMarquee Marquee { get; }
    IAsyncOperation<uint> ReadCharacterAtCursorAsync();
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStorageFileBitmapAtCursorAsync(StorageFile bitmap);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStorageFileBitmapAtCursorAsync(StorageFile bitmap, LineDisplayHorizontalAlignment horizontalAlignment, LineDisplayVerticalAlignment verticalAlignment);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStorageFileBitmapAtCursorAsync(StorageFile bitmap, LineDisplayHorizontalAlignment horizontalAlignment, LineDisplayVerticalAlignment verticalAlignment, int widthInPixels);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStorageFileBitmapAtPointAsync(StorageFile bitmap, Point offsetInPixels);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStorageFileBitmapAtPointAsync(StorageFile bitmap, Point offsetInPixels, int widthInPixels);
    IAsyncOperation<bool> TryDisplayStoredBitmapAtCursorAsync(LineDisplayStoredBitmap bitmap);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.Sensors {
  public sealed class Accelerometer {
    public static IAsyncOperation<Accelerometer> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector(AccelerometerReadingType readingType);
  }
  public sealed class AccelerometerReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Altimeter {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class AltimeterReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Barometer {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<Barometer> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector();
  }
  public sealed class BarometerReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Compass {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<Compass> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector();
  }
  public sealed class CompassReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Gyrometer {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<Gyrometer> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector();
  }
  public sealed class GyrometerReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Inclinometer {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<Inclinometer> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector(SensorReadingType readingType);
  }
  public sealed class InclinometerReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class LightSensor {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<LightSensor> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector();
  }
  public sealed class LightSensorReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Magnetometer {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<Magnetometer> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector();
  }
  public sealed class MagnetometerReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
  public sealed class OrientationSensor {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
    public static IAsyncOperation<OrientationSensor> FromIdAsync(string deviceId);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector(SensorReadingType readingType);
    public static string GetDeviceSelector(SensorReadingType readingType, SensorOptimizationGoal optimizationGoal);
  }
  public sealed class OrientationSensorReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
    IMapView<string, object> Properties { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.Sensors.Custom {
  public sealed class CustomSensor {
    uint MaxBatchSize { get; }
    uint ReportLatency { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class CustomSensorReading {
    IReference<TimeSpan> PerformanceCount { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Devices.WiFi {
  public sealed class WiFiAdapter {
    IAsyncOperation<WiFiConnectionResult> ConnectAsync(WiFiAvailableNetwork availableNetwork, WiFiReconnectionKind reconnectionKind, PasswordCredential passwordCredential, string ssid, WiFiConnectionMethod connectionMethod);
    IAsyncOperation<WiFiWpsConfigurationResult> GetWpsConfigurationAsync(WiFiAvailableNetwork availableNetwork);
  }
  public enum WiFiConnectionMethod
  public sealed class WiFiWpsConfigurationResult
  public enum WiFiWpsConfigurationStatus
  public enum WiFiWpsKind
}
namespace Windows.Gaming.Input {
  public sealed class RawGameController : IGameController, IGameControllerBatteryInfo {
    string DisplayName { get; }
    string NonRoamableId { get; }
    IVectorView<SimpleHapticsController> SimpleHapticsControllers { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Gaming.UI {
  public sealed class GameMonitor
  public enum GameMonitoringPermission
}
namespace Windows.Graphics.Holographic {
  public sealed class HolographicCamera {
    PresentationLayerDrmMode DrmMode { get; set; }
    PresentationLayerConfig CreateLayerConfig();
    PresentationLayers GetPresentationLayers();
    void SetLayerConfig(PresentationLayerConfig layerConfig);
  }
  public sealed class HolographicCameraRenderingParameters {
    PresentationLayerRenderingParametersQuad GetPresentationLayerRenderingParameters(PresentationLayerQuad layer);
  }
  public sealed class HolographicDisplay {
    double RefreshRate { get; }
  }
  public sealed class HolographicSpace {
    public static bool IsConfigured { get; }
  }
  public sealed class PresentationLayerConfig
  public enum PresentationLayerDrmMode
  public sealed class PresentationLayerQuad
  public sealed class PresentationLayerReference
  public sealed class PresentationLayerRenderingParametersQuad
  public sealed class PresentationLayers
  public sealed class PresentationLayerSettings
  public enum PresentationLayerType
}
namespace Windows.Graphics.Printing.PrintTicket {
  public sealed class PrintTicketCapabilities
  public sealed class PrintTicketFeature
  public enum PrintTicketFeatureSelectionType
  public sealed class PrintTicketOption
  public enum PrintTicketParameterDataType
  public sealed class PrintTicketParameterDefinition
  public sealed class PrintTicketParameterInitializer
  public sealed class PrintTicketValue
  public enum PrintTicketValueType
  public sealed class WorkflowPrintTicket
  public sealed class WorkflowPrintTicketValidationResult
}
namespace Windows.Graphics.Printing.Workflow {
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowBackgroundSession
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowBackgroundSetupRequestedEventArgs
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowConfiguration
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowForegroundSession
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowForegroundSetupRequestedEventArgs
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowObjectModelSourceFileContent
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowObjectModelTargetPackage
  public enum PrintWorkflowSessionStatus
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowSourceContent
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowSpoolStreamContent
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowStreamTarget
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowSubmittedEventArgs
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowSubmittedOperation
  public enum PrintWorkflowSubmittedStatus
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowTarget
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowTriggerDetails
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowUIActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs, IActivatedEventArgsWithUser
  public sealed class PrintWorkflowXpsDataAvailableEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.Management.Deployment {
  public enum AddPackageByAppInstallerOptions : uint
  public sealed class PackageManager {
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> AddPackageAsync(Uri packageUri, IIterable<Uri> dependencyPackageUris, DeploymentOptions options, PackageVolume targetVolume, IIterable<string> optionalPackageFamilyNames, IIterable<Uri> packageUrisToInstall, IIterable<Uri> relatedPackageUris);
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> AddPackageByAppInstallerFileAsync(Uri appInstallerFileUri, AddPackageByAppInstallerOptions options, PackageVolume targetVolume);
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> ProvisionPackageForAllUsersAsync(string packageFamilyName);
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> RequestAddPackageAsync(Uri packageUri, IIterable<Uri> dependencyPackageUris, DeploymentOptions deploymentOptions, PackageVolume targetVolume, IIterable<string> optionalPackageFamilyNames, IIterable<Uri> relatedPackageUris);
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> RequestAddPackageByAppInstallerFileAsync(Uri appInstallerFileUri, AddPackageByAppInstallerOptions options, PackageVolume targetVolume);
    IAsyncOperationWithProgress<DeploymentResult, DeploymentProgress> StagePackageAsync(Uri packageUri, IIterable<Uri> dependencyPackageUris, DeploymentOptions options, PackageVolume targetVolume, IIterable<string> optionalPackageFamilyNames, IIterable<Uri> packageUrisToInstall, IIterable<Uri> relatedPackageUris);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Capture {
  public sealed class AppCapture {
    public static IAsyncAction SetAllowedAsync(bool allowed);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Capture.Frames {
  public sealed class MediaFrameReader : IClosable {
    MediaFrameReaderAcquisitionMode AcquisitionMode { get; set; }
  }
  public enum MediaFrameReaderAcquisitionMode
  public sealed class MultiSourceMediaFrameReader : IClosable {
    MediaFrameReaderAcquisitionMode AcquisitionMode { get; set; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Core {
  public sealed class AudioStreamDescriptor : IMediaStreamDescriptor, IMediaStreamDescriptor2 {
    string Label { get; set; }
  }
  public interface IMediaStreamDescriptor2 : IMediaStreamDescriptor
  public sealed class InitializeMediaStreamSourceRequestedEventArgs
  public static class LowLightFusion
  public sealed class LowLightFusionResult : IClosable
  public sealed class MediaSource : IClosable, IMediaPlaybackSource {
    public static MediaSource CreateFromMediaFrameSource(MediaFrameSource frameSource);
  }
  public sealed class MediaSourceAppServiceConnection
  public sealed class MediaStreamSource : IMediaSource {
    bool IsLive { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class MseStreamSource : IMediaSource {
    IReference<MseTimeRange> LiveSeekableRange { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class SceneAnalysisEffectFrame : IClosable, IMediaFrame {
    SceneAnalysisRecommendation AnalysisRecommendation { get; }
  }
  public enum SceneAnalysisRecommendation
  public sealed class VideoStreamDescriptor : IMediaStreamDescriptor, IMediaStreamDescriptor2 {
    string Label { get; set; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.DialProtocol {
  public sealed class DialReceiverApp
}
namespace Windows.Media.MediaProperties {
  public sealed class MediaEncodingProfile {
    IVector<AudioStreamDescriptor> GetAudioTracks();
    IVector<VideoStreamDescriptor> GetVideoTracks();
    void SetAudioTracks(IIterable<AudioStreamDescriptor> value);
    void SetVideoTracks(IIterable<VideoStreamDescriptor> value);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Playback {
  public sealed class MediaPlaybackSessionBufferingStartedEventArgs
  public sealed class MediaPlayer : IClosable {
    event TypedEventHandler<MediaPlayer, object> SubtitleFrameChanged;
    bool RenderSubtitlesToSurface(IDirect3DSurface destination);
    bool RenderSubtitlesToSurface(IDirect3DSurface destination, Rect targetRectangle);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Protection.PlayReady {
  public enum PlayReadyEncryptionAlgorithm {
    Aes128Cbc = 5,
    Unspecified = 65535,
  }
  public enum PlayReadyHardwareDRMFeatures {
    Aes128Cbc = 3,
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.SpeechRecognition {
  public sealed class SpeechRecognizer : IClosable {
    public static IAsyncOperation<bool> TrySetSystemSpeechLanguageAsync(Language speechLanguage);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.SpeechSynthesis {
  public sealed class SpeechSynthesizer : IClosable {
    public static IAsyncOperation<bool> TrySetDefaultVoiceAsync(VoiceInformation voice);
  }
  public sealed class SpeechSynthesizerOptions {
    double AudioPitch { get; set; }
    double AudioVolume { get; set; }
    double SpeakingRate { get; set; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Media.Streaming.Adaptive {
  public sealed class AdaptiveMediaSourceDiagnosticAvailableEventArgs {
    HResult ExtendedError { get; }
  }
  public enum AdaptiveMediaSourceDiagnosticType {
    FatalMediaSourceError = 8,
  }
}
namespace Windows.Networking.BackgroundTransfer {
  public struct BackgroundTransferFileRange
  public sealed class BackgroundTransferRangesDownloadedEventArgs
  public enum BackgroundTransferStatus {
    PausedRecoverableWebErrorStatus = 8,
  }
  public sealed class DownloadOperation : IBackgroundTransferOperation, IBackgroundTransferOperationPriority {
    IReference<WebErrorStatus> CurrentWebErrorStatus { get; }
    bool IsRandomAccessRequired { get; set; }
    IVector<WebErrorStatus> RecoverableWebErrorStatuses { get; }
    Uri RequestedUri { get; set; }
    event TypedEventHandler<DownloadOperation, BackgroundTransferRangesDownloadedEventArgs> RangesDownloaded;
    IVector<BackgroundTransferFileRange> GetDownloadedRanges();
    IRandomAccessStreamReference GetResultRandomAccessStreamReference();
  }
}
namespace Windows.Networking.Connectivity {
  public sealed class ConnectionProfile {
    IAsyncOperation<IVectorView<ProviderNetworkUsage>> GetProviderNetworkUsageAsync(DateTime startTime, DateTime endTime, NetworkUsageStates states);
  }
  public sealed class ProviderNetworkUsage
}
namespace Windows.Networking.NetworkOperators {
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandAntennaSar
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellCdma
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellGsm
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellLte
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellsInfo
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellTdscdma
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandCellUmts
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandModem {
    IAsyncOperation<bool> GetIsPassthroughEnabledAsync();
    IAsyncOperation<MobileBroadbandModemStatus> SetIsPassthroughEnabledAsync(bool value);
  }
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandModemConfiguration {
    MobileBroadbandSarManager SarManager { get; }
  }
  public enum MobileBroadbandModemStatus
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandNetwork {
    IAsyncOperation<MobileBroadbandCellsInfo> GetCellsInfoAsync();
  }
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandSarManager
  public sealed class MobileBroadbandTransmissionStateChangedEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.Networking.Sockets {
  public sealed class MessageWebSocketControl : IWebSocketControl, IWebSocketControl2 {
    TimeSpan ActualUnsolicitedPongInterval { get; }
    Certificate ClientCertificate { get; set; }
    TimeSpan DesiredUnsolicitedPongInterval { get; set; }
    MessageWebSocketReceiveMode ReceiveMode { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class MessageWebSocketMessageReceivedEventArgs {
    bool IsMessageComplete { get; }
  }
  public enum MessageWebSocketReceiveMode
  public enum SocketProtectionLevel {
    Unspecified = 9,
  }
  public sealed class StreamSocketControl {
    SocketProtectionLevel MinProtectionLevel { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class StreamWebSocketControl : IWebSocketControl, IWebSocketControl2 {
    TimeSpan ActualUnsolicitedPongInterval { get; }
    Certificate ClientCertificate { get; set; }
    TimeSpan DesiredUnsolicitedPongInterval { get; set; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.Security.Authentication.Web.Provider {
  public static class WebAccountManager {
    public static IAsyncAction InvalidateAppCacheForAccountAsync(WebAccount webAccount);
    public static IAsyncAction InvalidateAppCacheForAllAccountsAsync();
  }
}
namespace Windows.Services.Maps {
  public sealed class MapRoute {
    bool IsScenic { get; }
  }
  public enum MapRouteOptimization {
    Scenic = 3,
  }
  public sealed class PlaceInfo
  public sealed class PlaceInfoCreateOptions
}
namespace Windows.Storage {
  public sealed class StorageLibrary {
    IAsyncOperation<bool> AreFolderSuggestionsAvailableAsync();
  }
  public sealed class StorageProvider {
    IAsyncOperation<bool> IsPropertySupportedForPartialFileAsync(string propertyCanonicalName);
  }
}
namespace Windows.Storage.Search {
  public enum IndexerOption {
    OnlyUseIndexerAndOptimizeForIndexedProperties = 3,
  }
}
namespace Windows.Storage.Streams {
  public enum FileOpenDisposition
  public sealed class FileRandomAccessStream : IClosable, IInputStream, IOutputStream, IRandomAccessStream {
    public static IAsyncOperation<IRandomAccessStream> OpenAsync(string filePath, FileAccessMode accessMode);
    public static IAsyncOperation<IRandomAccessStream> OpenAsync(string filePath, FileAccessMode accessMode, StorageOpenOptions sharingOptions, FileOpenDisposition openDisposition);
    public static IAsyncOperation<IRandomAccessStream> OpenForUserAsync(User user, string filePath, FileAccessMode accessMode);
    public static IAsyncOperation<IRandomAccessStream> OpenForUserAsync(User user, string filePath, FileAccessMode accessMode, StorageOpenOptions sharingOptions, FileOpenDisposition openDisposition);
    public static IAsyncOperation<StorageStreamTransaction> OpenTransactedWriteAsync(string filePath);
    public static IAsyncOperation<StorageStreamTransaction> OpenTransactedWriteAsync(string filePath, StorageOpenOptions openOptions, FileOpenDisposition openDisposition);
    public static IAsyncOperation<StorageStreamTransaction> OpenTransactedWriteForUserAsync(User user, string filePath);
    public static IAsyncOperation<StorageStreamTransaction> OpenTransactedWriteForUserAsync(User user, string filePath, StorageOpenOptions openOptions, FileOpenDisposition openDisposition);
  }
}
namespace Windows.System {
  public sealed class AppDiagnosticInfo {
    AppResourceGroupInfoWatcher CreateResourceGroupWatcher();
    public static AppDiagnosticInfoWatcher CreateWatcher();
    IVector<AppResourceGroupInfo> GetResourceGroups();
    public static IAsyncOperation<DiagnosticAccessStatus> RequestAccessAsync();
    public static IAsyncOperation<IVector<AppDiagnosticInfo>> RequestInfoForAppAsync();
    public static IAsyncOperation<IVector<AppDiagnosticInfo>> RequestInfoForAppAsync(string appUserModelId);
    public static IAsyncOperation<IVector<AppDiagnosticInfo>> RequestInfoForPackageAsync(string packageFamilyName);
  }
  public sealed class AppDiagnosticInfoWatcher
  public sealed class AppDiagnosticInfoWatcherEventArgs
  public enum AppDiagnosticInfoWatcherStatus
  public sealed class AppMemoryReport {
    ulong ExpectedTotalCommitLimit { get; }
  }
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupBackgroundTaskReport
  public enum AppResourceGroupEnergyQuotaState
  public enum AppResourceGroupExecutionState
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupInfo
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupInfoWatcher
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupInfoWatcherEventArgs
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupInfoWatcherExecutionStateChangedEventArgs
  public enum AppResourceGroupInfoWatcherStatus
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupMemoryReport
  public sealed class AppResourceGroupStateReport
  public enum DiagnosticAccessStatus
  public sealed class DispatcherQueue
  public sealed class DispatcherQueueController
  public delegate void DispatcherQueueHandler();
  public enum DispatcherQueuePriority
  public sealed class DispatcherQueueShutdownStartingEventArgs
  public sealed class DispatcherQueueTimer
  public static class MemoryManager {
    public static ulong ExpectedAppMemoryUsageLimit { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.System.Diagnostics {
  public sealed class DiagnosticActionResult
  public enum DiagnosticActionState
  public sealed class DiagnosticInvoker
  public sealed class ProcessDiagnosticInfo {
    bool IsPackaged { get; }
    IVector<AppDiagnosticInfo> GetAppDiagnosticInfos();
    public static ProcessDiagnosticInfo TryGetForProcessId(uint processId);
  }
}
namespace Windows.System.Profile {
  public enum SystemIdentificationSource {
    Registry = 3,
  }
}
namespace Windows.System.RemoteSystems {
  public sealed class RemoteSystem {
    string ManufacturerDisplayName { get; }
    string ModelDisplayName { get; }
  }
  public static class RemoteSystemKinds {
    public static string Iot { get; }
    public static string Laptop { get; }
    public static string Tablet { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.System.UserProfile {
  public static class GlobalizationPreferences {
    public static bool TrySetHomeGeographicRegion(string region);
    public static bool TrySetLanguages(IIterable<string> languageTags);
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Composition {
  public sealed class AmbientLight : CompositionLight {
    float Intensity { get; set; }
  }
  public class CompositionAnimation : CompositionObject, ICompositionAnimationBase {
    InitialValueExpressionCollection InitialValueExpressions { get; }
  }
  public sealed class CompositionColorGradientStop : CompositionObject
  public sealed class CompositionColorGradientStopCollection : IIterable<CompositionColorGradientStop>, IVector<CompositionColorGradientStop>
  public enum CompositionColorSpace {
    HslLinear = 3,
    RgbLinear = 4,
  }
  public enum CompositionDropShadowSourcePolicy
  public class CompositionGradientBrush : CompositionBrush
  public enum CompositionGradientExtendMode
  public class CompositionLight : CompositionObject {
    VisualUnorderedCollection ExclusionsFromTargets { get; }
  }
  public sealed class CompositionLinearGradientBrush : CompositionGradientBrush
  public class CompositionObject : IClosable {
    DispatcherQueue DispatcherQueue { get; }
  }
  public sealed class CompositionTarget : CompositionObject {
  }
  public sealed class Compositor : IClosable {
    CompositionColorGradientStop CreateColorGradientStop();
    CompositionColorGradientStop CreateColorGradientStop(float offset, Color color);
    CompositionLinearGradientBrush CreateLinearGradientBrush();
    SpringScalarNaturalMotionAnimation CreateSpringScalarAnimation();
    SpringVector2NaturalMotionAnimation CreateSpringVector2Animation();
    SpringVector3NaturalMotionAnimation CreateSpringVector3Animation();
  }
  public sealed class DistantLight : CompositionLight {
    float Intensity { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class DropShadow : CompositionShadow {
    CompositionDropShadowSourcePolicy SourcePolicy { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class InitialValueExpressionCollection : CompositionObject, IIterable<IKeyValuePair<string, string>>, IMap<string, string>
  public sealed class LayerVisual : ContainerVisual {
    CompositionShadow Shadow { get; set; }
  }
  public class NaturalMotionAnimation : CompositionAnimation
  public sealed class PointLight : CompositionLight {
    float Intensity { get; set; }
  }
  public class ScalarNaturalMotionAnimation : NaturalMotionAnimation
  public sealed class SpotLight : CompositionLight {
    float InnerConeIntensity { get; set; }
    float OuterConeIntensity { get; set; }
  }
  public sealed class SpringScalarNaturalMotionAnimation : ScalarNaturalMotionAnimation
  public sealed class SpringVector2NaturalMotionAnimation : Vector2NaturalMotionAnimation
  public sealed class SpringVector3NaturalMotionAnimation : Vector3NaturalMotionAnimation
  public class Vector2NaturalMotionAnimation : NaturalMotionAnimation
  public class Vector3NaturalMotionAnimation : NaturalMotionAnimation
}
namespace Windows.UI.Composition.Effects {
  public sealed class SceneLightingEffect : IGraphicsEffect, IGraphicsEffectSource {
    SceneLightingEffectReflectanceModel ReflectanceModel { get; set; }
  }
  public enum SceneLightingEffectReflectanceModel
}
namespace Windows.UI.Composition.Interactions {
  public sealed class InteractionTracker : CompositionObject {
    void ConfigureVector2PositionInertiaModifiers(IIterable<InteractionTrackerVector2InertiaModifier> modifiers);
  }
  public sealed class InteractionTrackerInertiaNaturalMotion : InteractionTrackerInertiaModifier
  public class InteractionTrackerVector2InertiaModifier : CompositionObject
  public sealed class InteractionTrackerVector2InertiaNaturalMotion : InteractionTrackerVector2InertiaModifier
}
namespace Windows.UI.Core {
  public enum CoreCursorType {
    Person = 15,
    Pin = 14,
  }
  public sealed class CoreWindow : ICorePointerRedirector, ICoreWindow {
    CoreWindowActivationMode ActivationMode { get; }
    DispatcherQueue DispatcherQueue { get; }
  }
  public enum CoreWindowActivationMode
}
namespace Windows.UI.Input {
  public sealed class RadialControllerConfiguration {
    public static RadialController AppController { get; set; }
    public static bool IsAppControllerEnabled { get; set; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Input.Inking.Core {
  public sealed class CoreIncrementalInkStroke
  public sealed class CoreInkPresenterHost
}
namespace Windows.UI.Input.Preview.Injection {
  public sealed class InjectedInputGamepadInfo
  public sealed class InputInjector {
    void InitializeGamepadInjection();
    void InjectGamepadInput(InjectedInputGamepadInfo input);
    public static InputInjector TryCreateForAppBroadcastOnly();
    void UninitializeGamepadInjection();
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Input.Spatial {
  public sealed class SpatialInteractionController {
    IAsyncOperation<IRandomAccessStreamWithContentType> TryGetRenderableModelAsync();
  }
  public sealed class SpatialInteractionSource {
    SpatialInteractionSourceHandedness Handedness { get; }
  }
  public enum SpatialInteractionSourceHandedness
  public sealed class SpatialInteractionSourceLocation {
    IReference<Vector3> AngularVelocity { get; }
    SpatialInteractionSourcePositionQuality PositionQuality { get; }
    SpatialPointerInteractionSourcePose SourcePointerPose { get; }
  }
  public enum SpatialInteractionSourcePositionQuality
  public sealed class SpatialPointerInteractionSourcePose {
    Quaternion Orientation { get; }
    SpatialInteractionSourcePositionQuality PositionQuality { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Shell {
  public static class AdaptiveCardBuilder
  public interface IAdaptiveCard
  public interface IAdaptiveCardBuilderStatics
  public sealed class TaskbarManager
}
namespace Windows.UI.StartScreen {
  public sealed class SecondaryTileVisualElements {
    TileMixedRealityModel MixedRealityModel { get; }
  }
  public sealed class TileMixedRealityModel
}
namespace Windows.UI.Text.Core {
  public enum CoreTextInputScope {
    Digits = 28,
    PinAlphanumeric = 65,
    PinNumeric = 64,
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.ViewManagement {
  public enum UIElementType {
    AccentColor = 1000,
    NonTextHigh = 1005,
    NonTextLow = 1009,
    NonTextMedium = 1007,
    NonTextMediumHigh = 1006,
    NonTextMediumLow = 1008,
    OverlayOutsidePopup = 1012,
    PageBackground = 1010,
    PopupBackground = 1011,
    TextContrastWithHigh = 1004,
    TextHigh = 1001,
    TextLow = 1003,
    TextMedium = 1002,
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.ViewManagement.Core {
  public sealed class CoreInputView
  public sealed class CoreInputViewOcclusion
  public enum CoreInputViewOcclusionKind
  public sealed class CoreInputViewOcclusionsChangedEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.UI.WebUI {
  public static class WebUIApplication {
    public static IAsyncOperation<AppRestartFailureReason> RequestRestartAsync(string launchArguments);
    public static IAsyncOperation<AppRestartFailureReason> RequestRestartForUserAsync(User user, string launchArguments);
  }
  public sealed class WebUICommandLineActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs, IActivatedEventArgsDeferral, IActivatedEventArgsWithUser, ICommandLineActivatedEventArgs
  public sealed class WebUIStartupTaskActivatedEventArgs : IActivatedEventArgs, IActivatedEventArgsWithUser, IStartupTaskActivatedEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml {
  public class FrameworkElement : UIElement {
    ElementTheme ActualTheme { get; }
    public static DependencyProperty ActualThemeProperty { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<FrameworkElement, object> ActualThemeChanged;
  }
  public enum TextAlignment {
    End = 2,
    Start = 1,
  }
  public class UIElement : DependencyObject {
    public static RoutedEvent CharacterReceivedEvent { get; }
    IVector<KeyboardAccelerator> KeyboardAccelerators { get; }
    public static RoutedEvent PreviewKeyDownEvent { get; }
    public static RoutedEvent PreviewKeyUpEvent { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<UIElement, CharacterReceivedRoutedEventArgs> CharacterReceived;
    event KeyEventHandler PreviewKeyDown;
    event KeyEventHandler PreviewKeyUp;
    event TypedEventHandler<UIElement, ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs> ProcessKeyboardAccelerators;
    virtual IIterable<DependencyObject> GetChildrenInTabFocusOrder();
    virtual void OnProcessKeyboardAccelerators(ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs args);
    void TryInvokeKeyboardAccelerator(ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs args);
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Automation.Peers {
  public enum AutomationNotificationKind
  public enum AutomationNotificationProcessing
  public class AutomationPeer : DependencyObject {
    void RaiseNotificationEvent(AutomationNotificationKind notificationKind, AutomationNotificationProcessing notificationProcessing, string displayString, string activityId);
  }
  public class ColorPickerSliderAutomationPeer : SliderAutomationPeer
  public class ColorSpectrumAutomationPeer : FrameworkElementAutomationPeer
  public class AutomationPeer : ListViewItemAutomationPeer
  public class PersonPictureAutomationPeer : FrameworkElementAutomationPeer
  public class RatingControlAutomationPeer : FrameworkElementAutomationPeer
  public class TreeViewItemAutomationPeer : ListViewItemAutomationPeer
  public class TreeViewListAutomationPeer : SelectorAutomationPeer
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls {
  public class BitmapIconSource : IconSource
  public enum CharacterCasing
  public sealed class ColorChangedEventArgs
  public class ColorPicker : Control
  public enum ColorPickerHsvChannel
  public enum ColorSpectrumComponents
  public enum ColorSpectrumShape
  public class ComboBox : Selector {
    Brush PlaceholderForeground { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty PlaceholderForegroundProperty { get; }
  }
  public class ContentDialog : ContentControl {
    IAsyncOperation<ContentDialogResult> ShowAsync(ContentDialogPlacement placement);
  }
  public enum ContentDialogPlacement
  public class Control : FrameworkElement {
    virtual void OnCharacterReceived(CharacterReceivedRoutedEventArgs e);
    virtual void OnPreviewKeyDown(KeyRoutedEventArgs e);
    virtual void OnPreviewKeyUp(KeyRoutedEventArgs e);
  }
  public enum DisabledFormattingAccelerators : uint
  public class FontIconSource : IconSource
  public class Grid : Panel {
    double ColumnSpacing { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty ColumnSpacingProperty { get; }
    double RowSpacing { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty RowSpacingProperty { get; }
  }
  public class IconSource : DependencyObject
  public sealed class IsTextTrimmedChangedEventArgs
  public class MediaTransportControls : Control {
    bool IsRepeatButtonVisible { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsRepeatButtonVisibleProperty { get; }
    bool IsRepeatEnabled { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsRepeatEnabledProperty { get; }
    bool ShowAndHideAutomatically { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty ShowAndHideAutomaticallyProperty { get; }
    void Hide();
    void Show();
  }
  public class NavigationView : ContentControl
  public enum NavigationViewDisplayMode
  public sealed class NavigationViewDisplayModeChangedEventArgs
  public class NavigationViewItem : NavigationViewItemBase
  public class NavigationViewItemBase : ListViewItem
  public class NavigationViewItemHeader : NavigationViewItemBase
  public sealed class NavigationViewItemInvokedEventArgs
  public class NavigationViewItemSeparator : NavigationViewItemBase
  public class NavigationViewList : ListView
  public sealed class NavigationViewSelectionChangedEventArgs
  public enum ParallaxSourceOffsetKind
  public class ParallaxView : FrameworkElement
  public sealed class PasswordBox : Control {
    event TypedEventHandler<PasswordBox, PasswordBoxPasswordChangingEventArgs> PasswordChanging;
  }
  public sealed class PasswordBoxPasswordChangingEventArgs
  public class PathIconSource : IconSource
  public class PersonPicture : Control
  public class RatingControl : Control
  public class RatingItemFontInfo : RatingItemInfo
  public class RatingItemImageInfo : RatingItemInfo
  public class RatingItemInfo : DependencyObject
  public class RichEditBox : Control {
    CharacterCasing CharacterCasing { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty CharacterCasingProperty { get; }
    DisabledFormattingAccelerators DisabledFormattingAccelerators { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty DisabledFormattingAcceleratorsProperty { get; }
    TextAlignment HorizontalTextAlignment { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty HorizontalTextAlignmentProperty { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<RichEditBox, TextControlCopyingToClipboardEventArgs> CopyingToClipboard;
    event TypedEventHandler<RichEditBox, TextControlCuttingToClipboardEventArgs> CuttingToClipboard;
  }
  public sealed class RichTextBlock : FrameworkElement {
    TextAlignment HorizontalTextAlignment { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty HorizontalTextAlignmentProperty { get; }
    bool IsTextTrimmed { get; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsTextTrimmedProperty { get; }
    IVector<TextHighlighter> TextHighlighters { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<RichTextBlock, IsTextTrimmedChangedEventArgs> IsTextTrimmedChanged;
  }
  public sealed class RichTextBlockOverflow : FrameworkElement {
    bool IsTextTrimmed { get; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsTextTrimmedProperty { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<RichTextBlockOverflow, IsTextTrimmedChangedEventArgs> IsTextTrimmedChanged;
  }
  public class SplitView : Control {
    event TypedEventHandler<SplitView, object> PaneOpened;
    event TypedEventHandler<SplitView, object> PaneOpening;
  }
  public class StackPanel : Panel, IInsertionPanel, IScrollSnapPointsInfo {
    double Spacing { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty SpacingProperty { get; }
  }
  public enum SwipeBehaviorOnInvoked
  public class SwipeControl : ContentControl
  public class SwipeItem : DependencyObject
  public sealed class SwipeItemInvokedEventArgs
  public class SwipeItems : DependencyObject, IIterable<SwipeItem>, IVector<SwipeItem>
  public enum SwipeMode
  public enum Symbol {
    GlobalNavigationButton = 59136,
    Print = 59209,
    Share = 59181,
    XboxOneConsole = 59792,
  }
  public class SymbolIconSource : IconSource
  public sealed class TextBlock : FrameworkElement {
    TextAlignment HorizontalTextAlignment { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty HorizontalTextAlignmentProperty { get; }
    bool IsTextTrimmed { get; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsTextTrimmedProperty { get; }
    IVector<TextHighlighter> TextHighlighters { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<TextBlock, IsTextTrimmedChangedEventArgs> IsTextTrimmedChanged;
  }
  public class TextBox : Control {
    CharacterCasing CharacterCasing { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty CharacterCasingProperty { get; }
    TextAlignment HorizontalTextAlignment { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty HorizontalTextAlignmentProperty { get; }
    Brush PlaceholderForeground { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty PlaceholderForegroundProperty { get; }
    event TypedEventHandler<TextBox, TextBoxBeforeTextChangingEventArgs> BeforeTextChanging;
    event TypedEventHandler<TextBox, TextControlCopyingToClipboardEventArgs> CopyingToClipboard;
    event TypedEventHandler<TextBox, TextControlCuttingToClipboardEventArgs> CuttingToClipboard;
  }
  public sealed class TextBoxBeforeTextChangingEventArgs
  public sealed class TextControlCopyingToClipboardEventArgs
  public sealed class TextControlCuttingToClipboardEventArgs
  public class TreeView : Control
  public sealed class TreeViewExpandingEventArgs
  public class TreeViewItem : ListViewItem
  public sealed class TreeViewItemClickEventArgs
  public class TreeViewList : ListView
  public class TreeViewNode : DependencyObject, IBindableIterable, IBindableObservableVector, IBindableVector
  public enum TreeViewSelectionMode
  public sealed class XamlBooleanToVisibilityConverter : IValueConverter
  public sealed class XamlIntegerToIndentationConverter : IValueConverter
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Maps {
  public sealed class MapControl : Control {
    IVector<MapLayer> Layers { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty LayersProperty { get; }
    bool TryGetLocationFromOffset(Point offset, AltitudeReferenceSystem desiredReferenceSystem, out Geopoint location);
    bool TryGetLocationFromOffset(Point offset, out Geopoint location);
  }
  public class MapElement : DependencyObject {
    string MapStyleSheetEntry { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty MapStyleSheetEntryProperty { get; }
    string MapStyleSheetEntryState { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty MapStyleSheetEntryStateProperty { get; }
    object Tag { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty TagProperty { get; }
  }
  public sealed class MapElement3D : MapElement
  public sealed class MapElementsLayer : MapLayer
  public sealed class MapElementsLayerClickEventArgs
  public sealed class MapElementsLayerContextRequestedEventArgs
  public sealed class MapElementsLayerPointerEnteredEventArgs
  public sealed class MapElementsLayerPointerExitedEventArgs
  public class MapLayer : DependencyObject
  public class MapModel3D : DependencyObject
  public enum MapModel3DShadingOption
  public static class MapStyleSheetEntries
  public static class MapStyleSheetEntryStates
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Primitives {
  public class ColorPickerSlider : Slider
  public class ColorSpectrum : Control
  public class FlyoutBase : DependencyObject {
    virtual void OnProcessKeyboardAccelerators(ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs args);
    void TryInvokeKeyboardAccelerator(ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs args);
  }
  public sealed class LayoutInformation {
    public static Size GetAvailableSize(UIElement element);
  }
  public class ListViewItemPresenter : ContentPresenter {
    Brush RevealBackground { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty RevealBackgroundProperty { get; }
    bool RevealBackgroundShowsAboveContent { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty RevealBackgroundShowsAboveContentProperty { get; }
    Brush RevealBorderBrush { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty RevealBorderBrushProperty { get; }
    Thickness RevealBorderThickness { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty RevealBorderThicknessProperty { get; }
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Data {
  public enum UpdateSourceTrigger {
    LostFocus = 3,
  }
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Documents {
  public class Block : TextElement {
    TextAlignment HorizontalTextAlignment { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty HorizontalTextAlignmentProperty { get; }
  }
  public sealed class Hyperlink : Span {
    bool IsTabStop { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty IsTabStopProperty { get; }
    int TabIndex { get; set; }
    public static DependencyProperty TabIndexProperty { get; }
  }
  public class TextHighlighter
  public class TextHighlighterBase : DependencyObject
  public struct TextRange
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Input {
  public sealed class CharacterReceivedRoutedEventArgs : RoutedEventArgs
  public class KeyboardAccelerator : DependencyObject
  public sealed class KeyboardAcceleratorInvokedEventArgs
  public sealed class PointerRoutedEventArgs : RoutedEventArgs {
    bool IsGenerated { get; }
  }
  public sealed class ProcessKeyboardAcceleratorEventArgs
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Markup {
  public class MarkupExtension
  public sealed class MarkupExtensionReturnTypeAttribute : Attribute
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Media {
  public enum AcrylicBackgroundSource
  public class AcrylicBrush : XamlCompositionBrushBase
  public class RevealBackgroundBrush : RevealBrush
  public class RevealBorderBrush : RevealBrush
  public class RevealBrush : XamlCompositionBrushBase
  public enum RevealBrushState
}
namespace Windows.Web {
  public enum WebErrorStatus {
    InsufficientRangeSupport = 22,
    MissingContentLengthSupport = 23,
  }
}
 
namespace Windows.Gaming.Preview.GamesEnumeration {
  public static class GameList {
    public static IAsyncOperation<GameListEntry> MergeEntriesAsync(GameListEntry left, GameListEntry right);
    public static IAsyncOperation<IVectorView<GameListEntry>> UnmergeEntryAsync(GameListEntry mergedEntry);
  }
  public sealed class GameListEntry : IGameListEntry {
    GameModeConfiguration GameModeConfiguration { get; }
    GameListEntryLaunchableState LaunchableState { get; }
    IStorageFile LauncherExecutable { get; }
    string LaunchParameters { get; }
    string TitleId { get; }
    IAsyncAction SetLauncherExecutableFileAsync(IStorageFile executableFile);
    IAsyncAction SetLauncherExecutableFileAsync(IStorageFile executableFile, string launchParams);
    IAsyncAction SetTitleIdAsync(string id);
  }
  public enum GameListEntryLaunchableState
  public sealed class GameModeConfiguration
  public sealed class GameModeUserConfiguration
}
 
namespace Windows.Graphics.Printing3D {
  public sealed class Printing3D3MFPackage {
    Printing3DPackageCompression Compression { get; set; }
  }
  public enum Printing3DPackageCompression
}
 
namespace Windows.Media.Capture {
  public sealed class AppBroadcastBackgroundService {
    string BroadcastChannel { get; set; }
    string BroadcastLanguage { get; set; }
    string BroadcastTitle { get; set; }
    event TypedEventHandler<AppBroadcastBackgroundService, object> BroadcastChannelChanged;
    event TypedEventHandler<AppBroadcastBackgroundService, object> BroadcastLanguageChanged;
    event TypedEventHandler<AppBroadcastBackgroundService, object> BroadcastTitleChanged;
  }
  public sealed class AppBroadcastBackgroundServiceSignInInfo {
    event TypedEventHandler<AppBroadcastBackgroundServiceSignInInfo, object> UserNameChanged;
  }
  public sealed class AppBroadcastBackgroundServiceStreamInfo {
    void ReportProblemWithStream();
  }
}
 
namespace Windows.Security.EnterpriseData {
  public sealed class FileProtectionInfo {
    bool IsProtectWhileOpenSupported { get; }
  }
}
 
namespace Windows.Services.Maps.Guidance {
  public sealed class GuidanceRoadSegment {
    bool IsScenic { get; }
  }
}
 
namespace Windows.Services.Maps.LocalSearch {
  public static class PlaceInfoHelper
}
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.Maps {
  public sealed class MapControlDataHelper : DependencyObject {
    public static MapControl CreateMapControl(bool rasterRenderMode);
  }
}
 
namespace Windows.System.Profile.SystemManufacturers {
  public sealed class OemSupportInfo
  public static class SystemSupportInfo
}
 
namespace Windows.System {
  public static class DateTimeSettings
}
 
namespace Windows.UI.Xaml.Hosting {
  public sealed class DesignerAppManager : IClosable
  public sealed class DesignerAppView : IClosable
  public enum DesignerAppViewState
  public sealed class ProcessExitedEventArgs
}

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The road to Java 9: Modular Java finally gets OK'd

Modularity, a key but highly controversial feature of the upcoming Java 9 release, looks to be back on track with the Java community’s adoption of a proposal that had failed in an initial vote weeks earlier.

With new round of voting completed this week, the Java Community Process Executive Committee passed by a 24-0 vote the Java Platform Module System public review ballot, the subject of Java Specification Request 376.

In May, the same group, citing concerns over the plan being disruptive and lacking consensus, voted the measure down, 13 to 10. In the aftermath, Java Development Kit 9, where the module system was to be delivered, was postponed from July 27 to September 21.

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Robots could make the UK over £200 billion richer by 2030

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) could boost UK gross domestic product by around 10% by 2030, according to a new report by PwC.

Gains will be made largely through increasing product choice and consumer demand, the growing personalisation of products and their increased affordability over time.

Such a rise in gross domestic product (GDP) is the equivalent of roughly £232 billion ($297.34 billion). Meanwhile, the report predicts, global GDP could receive a boost of 14% by 2030, equivalent to about $15.7 trillion (£12.25 trillion), making AI the “biggest commercial opportunity” in the economy today.

In recent years, the fear of automation and the threat that AIs — or ‘robots’ — could pose to jobs has increased. But PwC says increased labour productivity is likely to have a lesser impact on GDP than might be expected.

Much of the focus on AI to date has been on the impact that increased automation of tasks will have on jobs,” says Jonathan Gillham, economist at PwC.

While we expect that the nature of jobs will change and that some will be susceptible to automation, our research shows that the boost to UK GDP that AI-driven products and services will bring will also generate significant offsetting job gains, as well as boosting average real wage levels,” he says.

AI is the collective term for computer systems that can sense their environment, learn, think and take action in response to what they sense. Some AIs are designed to work in collaboration with humans, by making part of a task simpler or faster, while some are designed to replace humans and allow an entire process to be automated.

Here is a chart of expected GDP growth:

Global GDP impact by effect of AI (£trillion)

The research shows that gains from increased productivity will be felt before those from consumption-led benefits, as new products are gradually developed and come onto the market, and the AI consumer sector becomes more competitive.

The greatest economic benefits of AI are predicted to be felt in China, which could see a boost to its GDP of up to 26% by 2030. The sectors expected to be most likely to benefit are retail, financial services, and healthcare.

“No sector or business is immune from the impact of AI. That’s why it’s so important for the UK to place itself at the forefront of the AI revolution and create the right environment for existing and new businesses to innovate and make the most of the product, productivity and wage benefits that this technology can bring,” says Euan Cameron, UK AI leader at PwC.

Which regions gain the most from AI?

 

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Victims of the global cyberattack have paid $9,000 so far but can't get their files back

broken mac computer smashed screen bin hacking security

Victims of the ongoing Petya cyberattack have paid £7,064 ($9,000) in Bitcoin to hackers so far to try and get their files back — but they won’t have much luck.

The cyberattack broke out on Tuesday, impacting the Ukrainian government and banks, then spreading to a Russian oil company, advertising firm WPP, and other companies around the world. The attack takes the form of ransomware, malicious software that encrypts a user’s files, then demands a payment in Bitcoin in exchange for decryption.

Victims posted screenshots of messages showing up on their computer screens, instructing them to send $300 worth of Bitcoin to a Bitcoin wallet address. They were also told to send their own Bitcoin wallet ID and “personal installation key”, a unique identifier generated by the ransomware, to a dedicated email address.

According to Blockchain.info, which shows Bitcoin transaction data, there have been 36 payments to that Bitcoin address to date.

Ukraine ransomware

But the operator behind that email address, German firm Posteo, swiftly blocked access to that mailbox. The company said on Tuesday that people couldn’t email the address, nor could hackers access it. That means hackers can’t check who has paid them, nor can they release the key needed to decrypt a specific victim’s files.

In short: Anyone who has paid the ransom is out of luck.

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